Goods and services that can be protected by a trade mark are divided into 45 classes, in accordance with an international classification system. When drafting an application for trade mark registration, it is important that the specification of goods and/or services is accurate and that the appropriate classes are selected.
Once registered, an application will provide protection only for the goods or services specifi ed in the registration, or closely related goods and/or services. It is therefore important to ensure all goods or services of interest are properly specified and the correct classes chosen. A common mistake is for applicants to file in fewer classes than necessary to properly cover their goods or services of interest, or to file in unnecessary classes.
Usually, the goods or services to specify are those from which the applicant derives an income. By way of example, a restaurateur who also sells house-made condiments might specify services relating to the provision of food and drink in class 43, as well as goods class 30 for ‘sauces’.
However, even though the restaurant name might appear on menus or sauce labels, it would not be necessary to seek protection of ‘printed matter’ in class 16.
It is possible for DIY applicants to select goods and services available through “pick lists” provided by IP Australia and other online filing platforms. However, it is very important that
the goods and services are selected correctly for a trade mark registration to be effective.
Filing a trade mark application for the incorrect classes of goods or services can lead to loss of rights and inability to stop an unauthorised third party from using a registered trade mark.
This is the most commonly reported error among self-filed DIY applicants. An Attorney can assist you in choosing the appropriate classes and description of goods and services to ensure suitable protection of a trade mark.
APPLICATION PROCESS & EXAMINATION
Trade mark applications are usually examined approximately four months after filing. Examination can be expedited to around six weeks, for example if an applicant has already invested significant effort or funds in the brand.
The purpose of examination is to determine if the trade mark application complies with all formal requirements. The examiner will also determine whether the trade mark has the requisite level of distnctiveness and whether it conflicts with marks already on the Register.
If the examiner believes a trade mark is lacking in distinctiveness or is in conflict with a mark already on the Register, he or she will issue an adverse Examination Report.
Applicants have 15 months from issuance of an Examination Report to address any issues preventing acceptance. An additional 6 months can be obtained upon payment of the relevant fees, without providing supporting reasons.
It may be possible to overcome an adverse Examiner’s opinion through legal argument, amendment of the application and/or the presentation of evidence in support of registrability.
It is usually advantageous to address the matters raised by the Examiner as soon as possible to place the application in order for acceptance without having to apply for any extensions of time. After a trade mark application has been accepted, it is advertised in the Australian Trade Marks Journal.
Third parties are afforded a period of two months from advertisement of the application to oppose registration. Most trade marks are not opposed and after the expiry of the opposition period, the Certificate of Registration will issue.
For more detailed information, view our Trade Mark Booklet.
Trade Mark Registration internationally
If you’re an Australian business owner looking to expand into overseas markets we will help you obtain trademark registrations either directly or via an international application under the Madrid Protocol. Contact us too for help with infringement and registrability searches and with the transfer of trade marks.